When I first started making books, one of the biggest challenges I faced was figuring out how to choose paper to use inside my handmade books and where to find it. I also found myself overwhelmed with all the paper choices out there. Many of us order our paper online because we don’t live near a good art supply store, and it’s frustrating when you spend a lot of money on paper and shipping only to find that it isn’t the right fit for the book you had planned.
In this blog post, I’m going to outline what you need to consider when choosing papers for your books. I’ve also created a downloadable guide which lists my 10 favorite papers and where I buy them.
Before we get started, we should talk about budgets. Don’t get me wrong, I like to spend money on paper (just ask my husband), but when I buy expensive paper, I find it SO hard to actually use it in a book. If I’m creating a special photo album or gift then I spend more on some fancy paper but generally I choose good quality, acid-free, easy-to-find papers for my everyday books.
As you decide what papers to use in your handmade book, think about its intended use (or make a good guess if your book is a gift) and consider the following:
The most important thing to decide upon when choosing the paper weight is what medium you plan to use. If it’s a dry medium, such as pencil, graphite, or colored pencil, use text-weight paper (70 lb/105 g), sketch or drawing paper. When planning to use pens, markers, or fountain pens, then choose a heavier weight version (80 lb/130 g).
If you plan to use any kind of wet media, such as ink, sprays, watercolor, or acrylic paints, choose a sturdier paper that will hold up to the water without buckling, such as a 98lb/160gsm mixed media paper or, for wetter work, a 140lb/330gsm watercolor paper. If your budget allows, 100% cotton paper is lovely for this type of work.
Also, consider your medium when choosing the finish on the paper. On the one extreme are cold-pressed and handmade watercolor paper, which is highly textured and fantastic for some styles of painting, and on the other extreme are smooth (sometimes called flat or satin) papers, which show details wonderfully and are a good choice for writing. Those who draw often choose something with a little tooth (sometimes called an eggshell). I once made a sketchbook from handmade watercolor paper and tried to use colored pencils on the pages—a big mistake. There were so many ridges in the paper that the pencil ‘skipped’ over these areas, creating a patchy mess!
If you’re creating a travel journal or notebook that’s intended to be portable, then it will need to be smaller and easier to handle. Let’s say your book will stay in an office, home, or studio. Then you can go with a larger format. Having said that, some people just like to work large or like to work small, so consider what size book has worked well for you in the past. With this in mind, choose paper sizes for your project. Without a very large paper cutter or guillotine, it can be unwieldy to cut huge sheets of paper down for a small 4″ x 6″ book. Instead, buy pads or pre-cut sheets that only require you to tear or make a few cuts.
When you purchase paper from a good online paper supplier, they will let you know the grain direction in the description. If not, it’s worth checking with the supplier before they ship it to you, especially if you’re planning a very specific project with it. I forgot this recently and ordered 500 sheets of 9″ x 12″ paper only to find that the paper was grained long, which meant that the widest folded signature I could make was 4.5″. I had been planning to make 6″ x 9″ books – I should have checked!
Hopefully, this has helped get you started on choosing the right paper for the right book. Please leave questions and comments below. I’d love to know your thoughts, especially if you live outside the USA and have some recommendations.
Click here: My10FavoritePapers to get the downloadable lists of my favorite papers.